レッドベリー

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経歴・特徴

レッドベリーは、ブルースマンというより、フォーク・ソングの生きるジュークボックスと見なされていた。「Goodnight Irene」、「Rock Island Line」、「The Midnight Special」といった彼のよく知られている曲は、フォーク歌手に欠かせないレパートリーとなっている。アコーディオン、ハーモニカ、ピアノも演奏できるが、一般的に12弦ギターの名手として知られているレッドベリーは、あらゆる種類のトラディショナル・ソング、リールを吸収し、カントリー・サパー(農村地帯の黒人たちのダンス・パーティ)で歌うソングスターとして育っていった。1906年、シュリーヴポートに居たときに、バレルハウスで聞いたブギウギ・ピアノに惹かれ、ウォーキング・ベースを自分の演奏に取り入れるようになった。1912年にはダラスでブラインド・レモン・ジェファスンと友人になり、ブルースを教わった。レッドベリーは3度刑務所に入ったが、1934年、ルイジアナ州立刑務所に服役中、国会図書館の資料として黒人のフォーク・ソングの収集に来ていた民俗音楽学者アラン・ロマックスのために録音をしたことが人生の転機となる。釈放されたレッドベリーは、ロマックスのアシスタントとしてフォーク・ソング収集の手伝いをはじめ、諸州を旅したのち、ニューヨークでラジオ出演。本格的な歌手としてフォーク界に食い込むと、フォークウェイズを始めとする商業レーベルに大量の録音を残した。49年にフランス・ツアーを行ったが、その年、レッドベリーは筋萎縮性側索硬化症(ルー・ゲーリッグと同じ病気)で亡くなってしまった。

CDガイド

[A]:レッドベリー

レッドベリー

[B]:キング・オブ・ザ・12ストリング・ギター

[C]:黒人民謡の英雄

1940年にヴィクターに残した録音のうちの16曲。

[D]:Where Did You Sleep Last Night: Leadbelly Legacy 1

Where Did You Sleep Last Night: Leadbelly Legacy 1

[E]:Last Sessions

Last Sessions

楽曲情報

Roberta Part 1
New York City NY, Jan. 23, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A][B]
Roberta Part 2
New York City NY, Jan. 23, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A][B]
Packin' Trunk Blues
New York City NY, Jan. 23, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A][B]
C.C. Rider
New York City NY, Jan. 23, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Becky Deem, She Was A Gamblin' Girl
New York City NY, Jan. 23, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Honey, I'm All Out And Down
New York City NY, Jan. 23, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Four Day Worry Blues
New York City NY, Jan. 23, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
You Can't Lose Me, Charlie
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Black Snake Moan
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Alberta
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Baby Don't You Love Me No More
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Ox Drivin' Blues
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Death Letter Blues Part 1
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Death Letter Blues Part 1 (take 2)
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Death Letter Blues Part 2
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Death Letter Blues Part 2 (take 2)
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Kansas City Papa
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Kansas City Papa (take 2)
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Red River
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Fort Worth And Dallas Blues
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
You Don't Know My Mind
New York City NY, Jan. 24, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Daddy I'm Coming Back To You
New York City NY, Feb. 5, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Blind Lemon
New York City NY, Feb. 5, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Mister Tom Hughes's Town
New York City NY, Feb. 5, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Shorty George
New York City NY, Feb. 5, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Match Box Blues
New York City NY, Feb. 5, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Bull Cow
New York City NY, Feb. 5, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Yellow Jacket
New York City NY, March 25, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
T.B. Woman Blues
New York City NY, March 25, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Pig Meat Papa
New York City NY, March 25, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
My Baby Quit Me
New York City NY, March 25, 1935
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Pick A Bale Of Cotton
New York City NY, June 14, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar); Golden Gate Quartet: Willie Johnson (vocal); William Langford (vocal); Henry Owens (vocal); Orlandus Wilson (vocal)
[C]
Whoa Back Buck
New York City NY, June 14, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar); Golden Gate Quartet: Willie Johnson (vocal); William Langford (vocal); Henry Owens (vocal); Orlandus Wilson (vocal)
[C]
The Midnight Special
New York City NY, June 14, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar); Golden Gate Quartet: Willie Johnson (vocal); William Langford (vocal); Henry Owens (vocal); Orlandus Wilson (vocal)
[C]
Gray Goose
New York City NY, June 14, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal); Golden Gate Quartet: Willie Johnson (vocal); William Langford (vocal); Henry Owens (vocal); Orlandus Wilson (vocal)
[C]
Rock Island Line
New York City NY, June 14, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal); Golden Gate Quartet: Willie Johnson (vocal); William Langford (vocal); Henry Owens (vocal); Orlandus Wilson (vocal)
[C]
Good Morning Blues
New York City NY, June 15, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[C]
T.B. Blues
New York City NY, June 15, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[C]
The Red Cross Store Blues
New York City NY, June 15, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Sail On, Little Girl, Sail On
New York City NY, June 15, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Roberta
New York City NY, June 15, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Alberta
New York City NY, June 15, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[C]
I'm On My Last Go-Round
New York City NY, June 15, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Easy Rider
New York City NY, June 17, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[C]
New York City
New York City NY, June 17, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Don't You Love Your Daddy No More?
New York City NY, June 17, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[C]
You Can't Lose-A Me Cholly
New York City NY, June 17, 1940
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Moanin'
Jan. 11, 1941
Leadbelly (vocal)
[D]
Leaving Blues
March 13, 1941
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
You Can't Lose Me, Cholly
July 1941
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Pick a Bale of Cotton
Fall 1941
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar); The Oleander Quartet: George Boyd (vocal); Cecil Murray (vocal); Howard Scott (vocal); George Hall (vocal)
[D]
Yellow Gal
Fall 1941
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Shorty George
Fall 1941
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Ha Ha This a Way
Jan. 9, 1942
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Sally Walker
Jan. 9, 1942
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Take This Hammer
Jan. 1942
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Rock Island Line
Feb. 20, 1942
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Bring a Little Water Sylvie
Jan. 3, 1943
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
On a Monday
Aug. 1943
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar); Sonny Terry (harmonica)
[D]
Good Morning Blues
Aug. 1943
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar); Sonny Terry (harmonica)
[D]
Irene
poss. Aug. 1943
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar); Sonny Terry (harmonica)
[D]
Meeting at the Building
Sept. 1, 1943
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
No Good Rider
Oct. 1943
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Big Fat Woman
1944
Leadbelly (vocal, piano)
[D]
4, 5, and 9
cJune 1946
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar); Sonny Terry (harmonica); Brownie McGhee (guitar); Pops Foster (bass); Willie "The Lion" Smith (piano)
[D]
Green Corn
poss. June 1946
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Grey Goose
1947
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Laura
1947
Leadbelly (vocal, button accordion)
[D]
Cotton Fields
Summer 1947
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Old Riley
Summer 1947
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
In the Pines
poss. Summer 1947
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Blind Lemon
poss. Summer 1947
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Bottle Up and Go
poss. Summer 1947
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Sukey Jump (Win'Jammer)
poss. Summer 1947
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Pigmeat
poss. Summer 1947
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar); Brownie McGhee (guitar); unknown (bass)
[D]
Duncan and Brady (Acapella)
poss. Summer 1947
Leadbelly (vocal)
[D]
Duncan and Brady
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
New Orleans (The Rising Sun Blues)
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Chicken Crowing for Midnight
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
In the Evening When the Sun Goes Down
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Let It Shine on Me
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Yes, I Was Standing In The Bottom
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Yes, I'm Going Down To Louisiana
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
I Ain't Going Down To The Well No More
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Dick Ligger's Holler
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Miss Liza Jane
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Dog Latin Song
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Leaving Blues
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Go Down, Old Hannah
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Blue Tail Fly
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Nobody In This World is Better Than Us
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
We're In The Same Boat, Brother
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Looky, Looky Yonder
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Jolly O' The Ransom
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Old Ship Of Zion
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal); Martha Promise (vocal)
[E]
Bring Me A Little Water, Silvy
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal); Martha Promise (vocal)
[E]
Mistreatin' Mamma
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Black Betty
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Ain't Goin Down To The Well No More
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
I'm Going Back Down In Louisiana
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
I Don't Know You, What Have I Done
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Rock Island Line
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Old Man, Will Your Dog Catch A Rabbit?
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Shorty George
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Stewball
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal); Martha Promise (vocal)
[E]
Bottle Up & Go
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
You Know I Got To Do It
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Ain't It A Shame To Go Fishin' On A Sunday
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
I Ain't Gonna Drink Anymore
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
Winnsboro Cotton Mill Blues
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
My Lindy Lou
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
I'm Thinking Of A Friend
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Martha Promise (vocal)
[E]
He Never Said A Mumbling Word
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
I Don't Want No More Of Army Life
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal); Martha Promise (vocal)
[E]
In The World
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
I Want To Go Home
New York City NY, Sept. 27, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal)
[E]
New Iberia
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Dancing With Tears In My Eyes
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
John Henry
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Salty Dog
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
National Defense Blues
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Easy, Mr. Tom
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Relax Your Mind
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Bottle Up And Go
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Polly Wolly Wee
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Pig Latin Song (2nd Version)
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Hawaiian Song
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Drinkin' Lum Y A Alla
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
The Grey Goose
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Silver City Bound
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
The Titanic
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Death Letter Blues
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Mary Don't You Weep
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
He Never Said A Mumbling Word
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Midnight Special
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Boll Weevil Song
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Careless Love
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Easy Rider
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Cry For Me
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Ain't Going To Drink No More (De Kalb Blues)
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Birmingham Jail
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Old Riley
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Julie Ann Johnson
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
It's Tight Like That
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
4, 5 & 9
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Good Morning Babe, How Do You Do?
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Jail House Blues
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Well, You Know I Had To Do It
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Irene
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
25 Cent Dude
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly
[E]
How Come You Do Me Like You Do?
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Hello Central
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Hesitation Blues
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
I'll Be Down On The Last Bread Wagon
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Somebody's Diggin' My Potatoes
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Springtime In The Rockies
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Chinatown
New York City NY, Oct. 15, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Rock Island Line
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Backwater Blues
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Sweet Mary
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Irene
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Easy, Mr. Tom
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (guitar)
[E]
In The Evening, When The Sun Goes Down
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
I'm Alone Because I Love You
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
House Of The Rising Sun
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Mary Don't You Weep
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Talk About Fannin Street
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly
[E]
Fannin Street
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Sugared The Beer
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly
[E]
Didn't Old John Cross The Water
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Nobody Knows You When You're Down And Out
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Bully Of The Town
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Sweet Jenny Lee
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Yellow Gal
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
He Was The Man
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
We're In The Same Boat, Brother
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]
Leaving Blues
New York City NY, Nov. 5, 1948
Leadbelly (vocal, guitar)
[E]

外部リンク

"Midnight Special" taught by Harry Lewman

YouTube動画。ハリー・レウマンが、レッドベリーの「Midnight Special」を実演、解説。Stefan Grossman's Guitar Workshop が教則DVD "The Guitar of Lead Belly" のサンプルとして配信しているもの。