ブラインド・レモン・ジェファスン

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経歴・特徴

ブラインド・レモン・ジェファスンは、ブルース界の最初の男性スターである。その生涯は僅か36年。1920年代に100曲近い録音を残した。巨体から、甲高い、むせび泣くような声を出し、弦を叩いたり、リズムを中断したりするユニークなギターを弾いた盲目のブルースマン。彼のSP盤はどれもよく売れたと伝えられている。その中には「ザット・ブラック・スネイク・モーン」「マッチ・ボックス・ブルース」、後にボブ・ディランがデビュー・アルバムで取りあげた「シー・ザット・マイ・グレイヴ・イズ・ケプト・クリーン」といった重要曲がある。ジェファスンの成功が後続にレコーディングの道を開いたと言っていい。目の見えない彼は案内役に人の助けを借りた。レッドベリーからTボーン・ウォーカーまで様々なテキサス・ブルースマンがその中に含まれていた。表面に触れただけで5ドル札か、1ドル札か見分けられたというジェファスンの生涯には謎の部分が多い。ギターをどのように習ったのか、放浪音楽家としてダラスに出たのがいつなのか、未だ正確なことはわかっていない。1925年にダラスのレコード屋がパラマウントに推薦したおかげで、ジェファスンはレコード契約を結ぶようシカゴに招かれた。レコードはすぐに大ヒットした。パラマウントは売れゆきに感謝し、運転手つきのフォードを買ってやった。1929年の冬、シカゴで死んだときの状況は謎めいていた。凍死ともいわれるが、車の中で心臓発作で倒れ、運転手に見捨てられたという話も。いずれにせよ、ジェファスンは同世代の南部のブルースマンとカントリー・ブルースの発展に大きな影響を与えた歌手だった。

CDガイド

[A]:キング・オブ・ザ・ブルース エントリー1(Pヴァイン PCD-2252)。
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キング・オブ・ザ・ブルース(1)

[B]:Vol.2ガット・ザ・ブルース(Pヴァイン PCD-2437)。
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[C]:コンプリート・レコーディングスVol.3(Pヴァイン PCD-5722)。
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コンプリート・レコーディングス(3)

[D]:コンプリート・レコーディングスVol.4(Pヴァイン PCD-5785)。
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コンプリート・レコーディングス(4)

楽曲情報

I Want To Be Like Jesus In My Heart
Chicago IL, cDec. 1952-Jan. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
ディーコン・L.J.ベイツ名義
All I Want Is That Pure Religion
Chicago IL, cDec. 1925-Jan. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
ディーコン・L.J.ベイツ名義
Got The Blues (2471-1)
Chicago IL, cMarch 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Got The Blues (2471-2)
Chicago IL, cMarch 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Long Lonesome Blues (2472-1)
Chicago IL, cMarch 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Long Lonesome Blues (2472-2)
Chicago IL, cMarch 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Booster Blues
Chicago IL, cMarch 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Dry Southern Blues
Chicago IL, cMarch 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Black Horse Blues
Chicago IL, cApril 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Corinna Blues (2544-1)
Chicago IL, cApril 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Corinna Blues (2544-2)
Chicago IL, cApril 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Got The Blues
Chicago IL, cMay 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Long Lonesome Blues
Chicago IL, cMay 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Jack O' Diamond Blues (2557-1)
Chicago IL, cMay 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Jack O' Diamond Blues (2557-2)
Chicago IL, cMay 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Chock House Blues
Chicago IL, cMay 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Beggin' Back
Chicago IL, cAug. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Old Rounders Blues
Chicago IL, cAug. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Stocking Feet Blues
Chicago IL, cNov. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
That Black Snake Moan
Chicago IL, cNov. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Wartime Blues
Chicago IL, cNov. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Broke And Hungry
Chicago IL, cNov. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Shuckin' Sugar Blues
Chicago IL, cNov. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Booger Rooger Blues
Chicago IL, cDec. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Rabbit Foot Blues
Chicago IL, cDec. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Bad Luck Blues
Chicago IL, cDec. 1926
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Black Snake Moan
Atlanta GA, March 14, 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Match Box Blues
Atlanta GA, March 14, 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Easy Rider Blues
Chicago IL, cApril 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Match Box Blues (4424-2)
Chicago IL, cApril 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Match Box Blues (4446-4)
Chicago IL, cApril 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Risin' High Water Blues
Chicago IL, cMay 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal); George Perkins (piano)
[A]
Weary Dog Blues
Chicago IL, cMay 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Right Of Way Blues
Chicago IL, cMay 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Teddy Bear Blues
Chicago IL, cJune 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal); George Perkins (piano)
[B]
Black Snake Dream Blues
Chicago IL, cJune 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal); George Perkins (piano)
[B]
Hot Dogs
Chicago IL, cJune 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar, tap-dancing)
[A]
ブラインド・レモン・ジェファスン・アンド・ヒズ・フィート名義
He Arose From The Dead
Chicago IL, cJune 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
ディーコン・L.J.ベイツ名義
Struck Sorrow Blues
Chicago IL, cSept. 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Rambler Blues
Chicago IL, cSept. 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[B]
Chinch Bug Blues
Chicago IL, cOct. 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Decetiful Brownskin Woman
Chicago IL, cOct. 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Sunshine Special
Chicago IL, cOct. 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Gone Dead On You Blues
Chicago IL, cOct. 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Where Shall I Be?
Chicago IL, cOct. 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
See That My Grave's Kept Clean
Chicago IL, cOct. 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
One Dime Blues
Chicago IL, cOct. 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Lonesome House Blues
Chicago IL, cOct. 1927
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Blind Lemon's Penitentiary Blues
Chicago IL, cFeb. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
'Lectric Chair Blues
Chicago IL, cFeb. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
See That My Grave Is Kept Clean
Chicago IL, cFeb. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Lemon's Worried Blues
Chicago IL, cFeb. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Mean Jumper Blues
Chicago IL, cFeb. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Balky Mule Blues
Chicago IL, cFeb. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Change My Luck Blues
Chicago IL, cFeb. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Prison Cell Blues
Chicago IL, cFeb. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Lemon's Cannon Ball Moan
Chicago IL, cMarch 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Long Lastin' Lovin'
Chicago IL, cMarch 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Piney Woods Money Mama
Chicago IL, cMarch 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Low Down Mojo Blues
Chicago IL, cJune 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Competition Bed Blues
Chicago IL, cJune 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Lock Step Blues
Chicago IL, cJuly 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Hangman's Blues
Chicago IL, cJuly 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Sad News Blues
Chicago IL, cJuly 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
How Long How Long
Chicago IL, cJuly 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar); unknown (piano)
[C]
Christmas Eve Blues
Chicago IL, cAug. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Happy New Year Blues
Chicago IL, cAug. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Maltese Cat Blues
Chicago IL, cAug. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
D B Blues
Chicago IL, cAug. 1928
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[C]
Eagle Eyed Mama
Chicago IL, cJan. 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Dynamite Blues
Chicago IL, cJan. 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Disgusted Blues
Chicago IL, cJan. 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Competition Bed Blues
Chicago IL, cJan. 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Sad News Blues
Chicago IL, cJan. 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Peach Orchard Mama
Chicago IL, cMarch 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Oil Well Blues
Chicago IL, cMarch 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Tin Cup Blues
Chicago IL, cMarch 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Big Night Blues
Chicago IL, cMarch 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
Empty House Blues
Chicago IL, cMarch 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Saturday Night Spender Blues
Chicago IL, cMarch 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
That Black Snake Moan No. 2
Chicago IL, cMarch 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Big Night Blues
Chicago IL, cAug. 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Bed Springs Blues
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Yo Yo Blues
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Mosquito Moan
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Southern Woman Blues
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Bakershop Blues
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Pneumonia Blues
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Long Distance Moan
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
That Crawlin' Baby Blues
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Fence Breakin' Yellin' Blues
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Cat Man Blues
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[A]
The Cheaters Spell
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]
Bootin' Me 'Bout
Richmond IN, Sept. 24, 1929
Blind Lemon Jefferson (vocal, guitar)
[D]

影響関係

受けた影響←

与えた影響→Tボーン・ウォーカーライトニン・ホプキンスB.B.キング

外部リンク

Ari Eisinger teaches "Black Horse Blues" (pt1 of 3)

YouTube動画。アリ・アイジンジャーが、ブラインド・レモン・ジェファスンの「Black Horse Blues」を実演、解説。Stefan Grossman's Guitar Workshop が教則DVD "The Guitar of Blind Lemon Jefferson" のサンプルとして配信しているもの。

Ari Eisinger teaches "Black Horse Blues" (pt2 of 3)

上の動画の続き。

Ari Eisinger teaches "Black Horse Blues" (pt3 of 3)

上の動画の続き。